National IPM Programme in Nepal


National IPM Programme in Nepal
Plant Protection Directorate
Harihar Bhawan, Lalitpur
National IPM Programme in Nepal

Implementing Government Agency:
Plant Protection Directorate
Starting date: 28 Oct. 2008
Ending Date: 27 Oct. 2013
Donor: Royal Norwegian Government
Technical Support:
Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations


The Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approach in Nepal was initiated in Nepal since 1997 within the Community IPM support Program. During this stage, the program was financially supported through FAO and was also operated in support of FAO and Plant Protection Division. Over the time, this program has been run by Plant Protection Directorate (PPD) and been executed by the Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operatives, Nepal. The financial support from first phase (2003-2007) and for second phase (2008-2013) has been received through Norwegian Government. PPD has been the coordinating role for its operation, where FAO-Nepal has been remaining in the backstopping part in some of the selected intensive IPM Districts.

The National Integrated Pest Management Program in Nepal has been designed to support reduction of poverty, ensure food security and environment protection in a sustainable way. Its strategy is to implement and gradually up-scale participatory IPM using the Farmers Field School approach as a national program covering seventy five districts of Nepal in integrated agricultural development with primary focus on rural poor where IPM will increase economic benefits, concomitant development of farmer empowerment and better marketing of safer commodities leading to a transparent mode of agricultural transactions that safegourds human health and environment in response to governments national commitments to global biodiversity and environment protection and WTO related issues.

The first phase of the project began in 2003 when the Government of the Kingdom of Norway agreed to provide a grant totaling US$ 1,284, 444 for the "Support to the National IPM Program in Nepal. The main objective of the program was "to contribute to sustainable broad based poverty reduction and food security while contributing to environment protection". The specific objectives were (i) to contribute to institutionalize a sustainable national IPM program in Nepal by strengthening the capacity of the PPD, and strengthening the capacity of National, Regional and District level training and extension institutions, and (ii) to empower farmers to increase production and productivity efficiently, while protecting the environment. To implement this program, Government of Nepal signed an agreement with FAO to provide management and technical assistance services under UTF/NEP/055/NEP Project. The first phase of the National IPM program ended officially in December 2007 but was extended at no extra costs until the end of February 2008.

To continue the activities, the Government of Norway has granted NOK 27 million to Nepal in support of the consolidation, intensification and institutionalization phase of the National IPM Program. This support is based on the realization that IPM is not just about pest control, but about a holistic and sustainable production, management that can help achieves food security and alleviate poverty. The project agreement for (US $ 5,000,000) the second phase was signed on 27 October 2008 between the Government of Nepal and Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. At the same time, an UTF/NEP/059/NEP agreement for US$ 3,400,000 was signed between the Government of Nepal and the Food and Agricultural services with major focus on developing modules and approaches for intensification and institutionalization of IPM on a pilot mode in the selected 12 districts of the country. Since 2010, additional five districts were added through the regular program of the PPD.

Development Objective

To contribute to sustainable broad-based poverty alleviation and food security while contributing to human health and  environmental protection

Specific objectives:

  1. To contribute to institutionalise a sustainable national IPM Program in Nepal by strengthening the capacity of the PPD, collaborating national, regional and district level training and extension institutions in the government and non-government sectors to integrate IPM training and support program for smallholder farmers.
  2. To empower subsistence farmers including women to increase production and productivity efficiently, while protecting the environment, conserving the biodiversity and avoiding health hazards for betterment of their livelihood,

Program Thrusts/Strategy of the Second Phase of IPM Program

  • Mainstreaming and gradual internalization of IPM Programme in DoA/PPD regular program
  • Scaling up the program within the existing and new districts
  • Institutionalization of IPM Programme, networking and strengthening of IPM groups/Association/ Cooperatives
  • Capacity enhancement of farmers and technicians to address organized production, self certification and marketing of healthy crop products
  • Linkages with Research Institutions and Participatory Field Research
  • Collaboration/coordination with teaching  institutions/universities and I/NGOs other like minded institutions
  • Strengthening of Institutions and Laboratories
  • Human Resource Development
  • Development of crop specific IPM modules-GAP (IPM Standard), Post harvest handling and marketing. Cluster based approach to empower the farmers
  • Sustainability

Expected output

Regular Component

Output 1: The National IPM Programme is well institutionalized and fully functional

Output 2: Existing IPM training capacities are maintained and enhanced in all districts

Output 3: Information on the use and impact of pesticides is available and reflected in policies

Intensification and Institutionalization Component

Output 1: Institutional capacities to provide pre- and in-service training in IPM-FFS are enhanced.

Output 2: IPM-FFS alumni groups trained and organized to promote community-based sustainable agriculture.

Output 3: Support services for farmer groups' result in optimized appropriate technologies, more efficient production and better access to markets.

Output 4: An information and coordination system is in place to monitor progress, support policy and ensure transparency and accountability.

Programme Components

  • Training Component Activities
  • IPM Field Research and Lab strengthening Activities
  • Enhancing activities beyond FFS to strengthen agriculture community
  • Scaling up of the IPM Activities
  • Programme Institutionalization Activities
  • Empowerment of beneficiaries to lodge grievances/complaints, Transparency and Accountability Activities
  • M&E and Information System

General Approach of Programme Planning and Implementation (Both Components)

  • Training capacity building (officers/non-officers and farmers) for effective support services to the farmers;
  • Participatory approach based need identification, programme planning and implementation;  
  • FFS groups/association/cooperatives with central focus on programme planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation at the community level;
  • Capacity building of farmers on integrated production and pest management through FFS trainings, follow-up and specific support programs;
  • District level IPM technical team entrusted for facilitation on planning, implementation, in-service monitoring and technical backstopping to the farmers at the community level;
  • IPM Coordination Committees entrusted for policy guidance, Coordination between line agencies from GOs and I/NGOs for specific support services and monitoring of programme activities;
  • Programme review, monitoring and evaluation through central, regional and district review workshops, tripartite and coordination committee meetings;
  • Overall technical backstopping support through IPM unit at the PPD and FAO project support unit.

Programme Focus Districts

Intensification and Institutionalization programme:

* Total 12 Districts: 5 in Terai (Jhapa, Bara, Kapilvastu, Banke, Kailali) 5 in Mid Hills (Ilam, Kavre, Syangja, Surkhet, Dadeldhura) and 2 in High Mountains, (Mustang, Jumla)

Regular IPM Programme :

* Total 63 (High intensive-18; Medium Intensive-16; Low Intensive-18, Non supported districts-11)

* Create Platform for the replication of modules developed under the Intensification and Institutionalization components in selected 5 Districts (Morang, Chitawan, Dhading, Tanahu and Bardiya) and further dissemination in other districts (provided the availability of additional funds)-2nd year onwards

For further information:

Programme Director
Plant Protection Directorate
National Coordinator
National IPM Programme in Nepal
Harihar Bhawan, Lalitpur
Tel. No. 5521597 / 5535844
Fax. 5010112 / 5535845