Agriculture is the mainstay of the country. This sector plays prime role in the economic development of Nepal. About 65.5% of the population in the country is engaged in the Agriculture. The Government of Nepal is implementing a long-term Agriculture Perspective Plan (APP) to address the problem of widespread rural poverty and to increase growth rate in agriculture. The plan’s strategy is to take advantage of the country’s agro-climatic diversity through regional specialization and diversification of agricultural production. The introduction of suitable environment friendly technologies and management practices to intensify and enhance production is a part of the strategy. In this line, the APP has identified ‘Integrated Pest Management (IPM) as the specific strategy of plant protection.
Agricultural crops have been prone to damage due to harmful insect pests, diseases, weeds, nematodes, rodents from time immemorial. Outbreak of insect pests & disease is common phenomena in commercial agriculture. Government of Nepal has given top priority in various plan periods for Plant Protection Sector. Among number of disciplinary Directorates, Plant Protection and Industrial Entomology Division were established in 2044 B.S. (1993), under the Department of Agriculture (DoA). A separate Plant Protection Division was sought & established accordingly in 2052 BS (1996). Likewise Plant Protection Division has been changed into Plant Protection Directorate (PPD) 2057 BS (2001) Plant Protection Directorate is also the official contact point for International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) and Asia Pacific Plant Protection Convention (APPPC) and also recognized as the focal point for National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO)
The PPD is designed as the Government agency responsible for the formulation of the plant protection policies and involve in the implementation of the Plant Protection activities through multi-pronged approach by involving various stakeholders. In addition to its representation at the national and international levels, it conducts several plant protection activities in the involvement of the Districts in various farming communities. The Directorate is responsible for four national level programme - the Office of the Registrar of Pesticides, the Plant Quarantine Programme and Regional Plant Protection Laboratories for implementation of the programme. There are Five Regional Plant Protection Laboratories (RPPLs) in different Development Regions. National Plant Quarantine Program has fifteen different plant quarantine check-posts, sub-check posts and Regional Plant Quarantine Offices. All the Regional Plant Quarantine offices are located in the boarder side of India whereas three of the sub-check posts and check posts are located in Shino-Nepal boarder. There is one plant quarantine check-post at Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu. Plant Protection Directorate (PPD) is an apex body for coordinating these offices including Pesticide Registration and Management Unit.